A new artifact found in Belize could change EVERYTHING we know about the Ancient Maya
在貝里斯發現的新工藝品可以顛覆我們對古瑪雅的認識

The jade pendant tells a short but important story. “It literally speaks to us,” Braswell said. “The story it tells is a short but important one.”

這個玉製垂飾告訴我們一個簡短但重要的故事。喬弗瑞布拉斯維爾:「 它透過文字對我們說話,它告訴我們的是一個簡短但重要的故事。」

The jewel, which belonged to an ancient Mayan king, contains a historical text that is now being deciphered by researchers. Researchers say it could change everything we know about the ancient Maya civilization.

這個飾品屬於一位古代瑪雅國王,上面記載了一段歷史,這些古文字已經被研究人員們破譯。研究人員表示,這可以顛覆我們對古代瑪雅文明的認識。

Geoffrey Braswell, an archeologist at the University of California, San Diego, discovered the precious artifact in 2015 at the Nim Li Punit site in Belartifactartrifact 「 貝爾神器工藝品( Belartifactartrifact ,暫譯,暫不放入譯文,因無相關資料 )」was discovered as experts were excavating an ancient palace built around the year 400.
Inside a tomb, which is believed to date back to around AD 800, archeologists found around 25 pottery vessels, and a large stone that was intricately shaped to mimic a deity, and the jade pectoral.
Experts did not discover human remains.

喬弗瑞布拉斯維爾( Geoffrey Braswell )是一位來自聖地牙哥加利福尼亞大學的考古學家,他在 2015 年時發現這個珍貴的工藝品,這個工藝品的發現地點在中美洲國家貝里斯( Belize )的的尼姆力布尼特( Nim Li Punit ),當時專家們正在挖掘一個大約在 400 年前建造的古代宮殿。

The curious artifact has a T carved on its front, which is the Mayan glyph „IK“, which stands for ‘wind and breath’ according to experts.
According to an article published by the researcher, the jade pendant belonged to an ancient Mayan king, the artifact is the second largest piece of that culture found in Belize to date. The T-shaped pendant was unearthed two years ago was worn by an ancient Mayan king during key religious ceremonies. It measures 18 centimeters wide, 10 centimeters high and has a thickness of 0.7 centimeters.
“It was like finding the Hope Diamond in Peoria instead of New York,” said Braswell, who led the dig. “We would expect something like it in one of the big cities of the Maya world. Instead, here it was, far from the center,” he said.
Braswell explained that the artifact stands out as the only one containing a historical text: on the back of the artifact are 30 carved hieroglyphs that speak about its first owner. “It literally speaks to us. The story it tells is a short but important one,” says the researcher, who adds that it can even change what we know about the Maya.

這個奇妙的工藝品的正面刻有一個 T 字形,是瑪雅文字中的「 IK 」,專家表示它的意思是「 風和呼吸 」。根據一篇由研究人員發表的文章,這塊玉製墜飾屬於一位古代瑪雅國王。到目前為止,在貝里斯發現的所有瑪雅文化物件中,這個玉製墜飾的尺寸排名第二。這個 T 型玉製墜飾在兩年前出土,在古代是一位古瑪雅國王的配飾,但只在重要宗教儀式上配戴。它寬有 18 公分,高 10 公分,厚度 0.7 公分。主導挖掘的喬弗瑞布拉斯維爾說:「 這就像在皮奧里亞縣發現希望鑽石,而不是在紐約發現。我們會預期在瑪雅世界的大城市中發現像它這樣的物品,但結果並不是那樣,它是在這個遠離中央的地方被發現的。」

喬弗瑞布拉斯維爾解釋,這個工藝品是唯一一個刻有歷史文字的物品,所以它顯得獨一無二:在它的背面,刻有三十個象形文字,講述了首位墜飾擁有著的故事。喬弗瑞布拉斯維爾表示,這可以顛覆我們對瑪雅的認識:「 它透過文字對我們說話。它告訴我們一個故事,這個故事雖然簡短,但是重要。」

An inscription on the pendant indicates it was first used in AD 672 for a ritual.
這個玉製墜飾上的一個銘刻指出,它是在西元 672 年的一次儀式中被首次使用。

Braswell explained that the pendant was ‘not torn out of history by looters.
“ It gives us information about the site and the jewel. ”
According to researchers, the pendent was buried in the year 800, but not with its owner. According to Braswell, this may have been because ‘it had immense power and magic,’ and may have been buried as a dedication to the wind god.
Braswell explains that during this time, the ancient Maya kingdoms started collapsing across Belize and Guatemala, which led to the abandonment of Nim Li Punit.
“A recent theory is that climate change caused droughts that led to the widespread failure of agriculture and the collapse of Maya civilization. The dedication of this tomb at that time of crisis to the wind god who brings the annual rains lends support to this theory, and should remind us all about the danger of climate change,” Braswell said.
It is believed that the pendant was crafted for King Janaab’ Ohl K’inich.
According to experts, the pendant describes the parentage of King Janaab’ Ohl K’inich. The inscription suggests his mother originated from Cahal Pech, and that his father died before age 20, and originated from a place in Guatemala.
Experts say that the text also describes the accession rites of the king in the years 647, and ends with a text that link’s the king to the ancient Maya city of Caracol in modern-day Belize.

喬弗瑞布拉斯維爾解釋,這個玉製墜飾「 沒有被歷史上的掠奪者們破壞 」:「 它提供我們關於這個遺跡和這個配飾的資訊。」

根據研究人員的說法,這個玉製墜飾在西元 800 年時被掩埋,但是並沒有和它的擁有者埋在一起。根據喬弗瑞布拉斯維爾的說法,這可能是因為「它有巨大的力量和魔法 」,而且可能是作為風神的貢品被掩埋。喬弗瑞布拉斯維爾解釋,在那時候,貝里斯到瓜地馬拉地區的古代瑪雅王國們開始崩潰,這導致尼姆力布尼特被遺棄。喬弗瑞布拉斯維爾:「 一個近期的理論指出,氣候變遷導致了乾旱,這讓農業大規模潰敗,也帶來瑪雅文明的崩毀。這個墓的貢品在那個危機時期是為了祈求風神降雨,祈求帶來年雨量的風神能回應祈願,而這也為前述瑪雅文明因氣候變遷而毀滅的理論提供一個支持證據。同時這也提醒我們氣候變遷的危險。」

這個精雕細琢的玉製墜飾被認為是為了 Janaab’ Ohl K’inich 國王而造。根據專家們的說法,這個玉製墜飾描述了Janaab’ Ohl K’inich 國王的出身。銘刻指出,他的母親來自卡哈帕奇 ( Cahal Pech ),他的父親則來自瓜地馬拉某地,並在二十歲前就去世。專家們說,這些文字也描述了這位國王在西元 647 年的入教儀式。結尾文字則將這位國王與古代瑪雅城市卡拉科爾( Caracol )連結在一起。這座古城位在現代的貝里斯國境內。

More importantly, researchers suggest that the king may have moved to Nim Li Punit, or even that a great Mayan state was trying to ally with the provinces by representing the Jewel to the local king, which would explain how the pendant got to where it was discovered.
Experts say that the writings are evidence of previously unknown ties.
“We didn’t think we’d find royal, political connections to the north and west of Nim Li Punit,”Braswell said.
“We thought if there were any at all that they’d be to the south and east.”

更重要的是,研究人員表示,這位國王可能已經移動到尼姆力布尼特,或是那個廣大的瑪雅國家曾試圖藉由贈送此玉製墜飾給地方國王來和地方勢力結盟,這解釋了為何這個玉製墜飾會出現在它被發現的地方。

專家們說,這些文字可以證明那些先前未被知曉的關係。喬弗瑞布拉斯維爾:「 我們並不認為我們發現了皇家、政治與尼姆力布尼特北部和西部的關係,我們認為如果這裡曾有任何那樣的連結關係,應會是在南部和東部。」

來源: ancientcode