Shocking new data shows ALIEN LIFE could already exist on PLUTO
令人驚訝的新資料指出:外星生命可能已經存在於冥王星


New data obtained by experts shows that Pluto—one of the most distant celestial bodies in our Solar System—may already have LIFE. Planetary scientist Michael Summers said: “The connection with astrobiology is immediate – it’s right there in front of your face. You see organic materials, water, and energy. These are the things you need for life: organics, raw material, and energy.”

專家們獲得的新資料顯示,我們太陽系中最遙遠的天體冥王星( PLUTO )可能已經有生命存在。行星科學家 Michael Summers 說:「 天體生物學與此有直接的關連,這是無庸置疑的。你可以看到有機物質、水、能量存在。冥王星上有生命所需的事物:有機物、原料、能量。」

Complex molecules on Pluto
冥王星上複雜的分子

With the possible production of hydrocarbons and nitriles (another organic molecule) on Pluto, even more interesting pre- chemistry for life could take place, Summers said.
“You can start building complex pre-biotic molecules,” he said. An example is hydrogen cyanide, possibly a key molecule leading to prebiotic chemistry.
As reported by NASA, data from the New Horizons flyby finished downloading to Earth in October, and while it will take many years for scientists to complete their inventory and model the results, early studies offer intriguing hints of its complex chemistry, perhaps even some form of pre-biological processes below Pluto’s surface.

行星科學家 Michael Summers:「 冥王行上可能有碳氫化合物和腈( nitriles,另一種有幾分子 )產生,這讓更有趣的、生命的前期化學反應有機會發生,複雜的前期生物分子可以開始建構。」舉氰化氫為例,它可能是引領生命起始前的化學反應的關鍵分子。如同 NASA 所報告的,新視野號( New Horizons )在十月時傳回地球的資料數量很可觀,將會讓科學家們花上數年來完成詳細目錄、為結果建立模型。早期的研究為那些複雜的化學反應提供了有趣的線索,或許冥王星表面下的生物前期過程也提供了一些線索。

One of the surprises of the New Horizons mission was finding water ice mountains on Pluto, that quite possibly are floating on a subsurface ocean of liquid water.
新視野號任務中的其中一個驚喜是:在冥王星上發現水質冰山,它很可能漂浮在由液態水構成的地下海洋上。

“These are the things you need for life: organics, raw material, and energy,” Summers said.
Not long ago, scientists from NASA said Pluto—once a planet now downgraded to a dwarf planet—is ALIVE and strangely resembles Earth.
In fact, astronomers say that Pluto—one of the most distant celestial bodies in our solar system— has blue skies. This fascinating discovery was made as NASA’s New Horizon spacecraft flew past the dwarf planet collecting incalculable data along the way. Images provided by New Horizons showed scientists that Pluto has surprisingly Earth-like features and that the dwarf planet is very similar to Earth.

Scientists were surprised by the tremendous amount of data they gathered thanks to New Horizons flyby. In fact, Summers confessed that he NEVER expected to talk about these possibilities on Pluto, despite having studied the dwarf planet his entire life.

“I’ve been studying Pluto all my life, and never expected to talk about these things being there.”

行星科學家 Michael Summers 說:「這裡有生命所需的東西:有機物、原料、能量。」

不久之前, NASA 科學家們說,冥王星( 曾是行星,現降級為矮行星 )是有生命的,並且酷似地球。事實上,天文學家表示,冥王星( 我們太陽系中最遙遠的天體 )擁有藍色的天空。 這個迷人的事實是在 NASA 的新視野號太空船飛過冥王星、收集大量資料的時候發現的。透過新視野號太空船提供的照片,科學家發現冥王星具有與地球相似的特徵,而且冥王星與地球非常相像。科學家對新視野號太空船收集的大量資料感到驚喜。事實上,行星科學家 Michael Summers 坦承,他之前從來不覺得冥王星能有這麼多可能性,即使他已經研究冥王星一輩子了。他說:「 我一輩子都在研究冥王星,但之前我從來不覺得冥王星上能有這麼多東西。」

Another surprise from the New Horizons mission was finding haze on Pluto at far higher altitudes than scientists expected.
另一個從新視野號太空船傳來的驚喜是:在冥王星上發現薄霧,發現位置要比科學家預估的高很多。

Summers has co-authored two research papers on the topic, with the first, “The Photochemistry of Pluto’s Atmosphere as Illuminated by New Horizons,” published in the journal Icarus in September. The second paper, “Constraints on the Microphysics of Pluto’s Photochemical Haze from New Horizons Observations” is in press at the same journal.

行星科學家 Michael Summers 與其他共同作者就這個主題寫了兩份研究報告,第一份報告的標題是「 由新視野號照亮的冥王星大氣層的光化學 」,這份報告在九月份時被刊登在伊卡洛斯期刊上( Icarus )。第二份報告的標題是「 新視野號傳回的發現、冥王星上的光化學煙霧的微物理限制 」,這份報告同樣被刊登在伊卡洛斯期刊上。

Complex molecules, blue skies and a MASSIVE OCEAN inside Pluto
複雜分子、藍天以冥王星內部的一片巨大海洋

In addition to the above, experts believe there is an ocean located inside Pluto could that could have a volume almost equivalent to that of Earth’s oceans” and is “potentially habitable”.
However, proving whether or not this ocean can sustain life is something that will take a while.

除上述之外,專家們相信冥王星內部有一片海洋,這片海洋的容量幾乎等於地球所有海洋的加總,而且有「 可居住的潛力」。

然而,這片海洋是否能支持生命還是未知,我們需要一段時間來查證。

Reddish hues on Pluto could indicate tholins, a type of complex organic compound that may be a precursor to the chemistry of life.

“The fact that even cold, distant Pluto could have a subsurface ocean means that there are potential habitats even in apparently unpromising locations,” said Francis Nimmo, a New Horizons scientist based at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

冥王星偏紅的色調可能是因為托林( tholins ),托林是一種複雜的有機化合物,同時可能是生命化學反應的前驅物。

來自加州大學聖克魯茲分校的 Francis Nimmo 是新視野號的科學家,他說:「 事實證明,即使是冥王星這樣寒冷遙遠的星球也會有地下海洋,這表示,就算是看起來明顯荒涼無望的地方,也可能有潛在棲息地。

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來源: ancientcode