Three mysterious ancient maps you’ve probably never heard of before

三個你可能從未聽過的神秘古老地圖

 

One of the most curious ancient maps is the 120 Million-year-old map called ‘the map of the creator’. According to Russian experts, the maps is a staggering 120 million years old, and depicts the Ural Mountains and includes a series of civil engineering projects and around 12,000 kilometers of channels, dams, and hieroglyphs of an unknown origin.

 

其中一份最神秘的古地圖是1.2 億年前的地圖,叫做「創造者的地圖」。根據俄國專家的說法,這份地圖有令人吃驚的1.2 億年歷史,描繪有烏拉爾山脈(Ural Mountains),以及一系列文明的工程,以及大約12000 公里的渠道、水壩,以及來源成謎的象形文字。

 

In today’s society, the concept of the map is closely linked to new technologies, browsers, and Google Maps,a kind of magic modern window through which we can discover the world. However, hundreds and even thousands of years ago people created all sorts of maps leading to mysterious places. In this article, we take a look at three mysterious ancient maps that most of the readers probably never heard of before.

 

在今日的社會中,這份地圖的概念可以連結到新科技、瀏覽器和Google 地圖,一種可以讓我們探索世界的神奇現代視窗。然而,百年甚至千年來,人們創造各種類別的地圖,導向神秘的地方。在這篇文章中,我們探索三份神秘的古地圖,或許從來沒有讀者聽過。

 

The oldest astrological map of the world

世界最古老的星象圖

 

 

It is one of the most mysterious ancient star charts ever found.

這是目前發現的其中一份最神秘古老的星圖

 

The sky has been mapped since antiquity as shown by this astrological chart discovered in 1983 inside a funeral chamber in Ausaka, a town in the prefecture of Nara, Japan.

The Kitora Tomb, as it is known, was built during the  VII and VIII centuries as a resting place for an aristocrat of the reign of Emperor Tenmu.

 

在這份發現於1983 年的星象圖中,我們可以看到天空已在古老的遺物上被製成星圖,這份星圖是在日本奈良的飛鳥村的一個槨墓(funeral chamber)中發現的。木寅墓(Kitora Tomb)在第七、八世紀時建成,墓主人被認為是天武天皇(Emperor Tenmu)時期的貴族。

 

The small pantheon, 1 meter in height and around 2.4 long, is perfectly aligned with the four cardinal points indicated with their respective symbols: Northern Black Turtle, Eastern Blue Dragon, Southern Red Bird, and Western White Tiger.

Curiously, on the roof of the tomb, we find an astrological mural composed of a series of concentric circles that overlap at some points, between which we find depictions of the constellations, represented by small discs of golden sheets.

In this intricate ancient composition, we can also see numerous mythological elements and the zodiacal signs.

 

這間小墓室只有一公尺高,大約2.4 公尺長,完美地對齊了象徵四神的方位:北玄武、東青龍、南朱雀、西白虎。

 

奇怪的是,在墓的天花板上,我們發現占星壁畫,由一系列同心圓組成,有些則會重疊在一些點上,它們位在被描繪的星座間,由細小盤狀的金箔呈現。在這個古老複雜的組成中,我們可以看到眾多神話的元素和黃道十二宮(zodiacal signs)。

 

The controversial Dahska Stone: A 120 Million-year-old map

 

具爭議性的達卡石:一份有1.2 億年歷史的古老地圖

 

TheDahska stoneis a rather controversial artifact that according to many is one of the oldest maps of the world.

Also known as the map of the creator, the stone tablet has baffled experts ever since it was discovered in 1999. While some consider it ludicrous, Russian scientists estimate that this stone map is around 120 million years old.

 

達卡石(TheDahska stone)是一個具爭議性的人造物品,被認為是世界上最古老的地圖之一。它被稱為「創造者的地圖」(the map of the creator),自從它在1999 年被發現後,這塊石板就一直讓專家感到困惑。雖然有些專家覺得它只是個荒唐的東西,俄國科學家估計它有1.2 億年的歷史。

 

According to reports, the Dashka stone map depicts the Ural Mountains and includes a series of civil engineering projects and around 12,000 kilometers of channels, dams, and hieroglyphs of an unknown origin.

Experts believe that given the accuracy and perspective, the map was created from an aerial point of observations. Archeologists from the Bashkir State University discovered the Dashka stone in the Ural Mountains of eastern Russia on July 21, 1999.

 

根據報告,達卡石描繪有烏拉爾山脈(Ural Mountains),以及一系列文明的工程,以及大約12000 公里的渠道、水壩,以及來源成謎的象形文字。專家由它的準確和透視相信,它應該是透過一個鳥瞰的觀察視角製成。

 

 

 

Moli del Salt Map: created nearly 14,000 years ago

 

摩力德爾索特地圖(Moli del Salt Map):在將近14000 年前製成

 

Photograph of the engraved side with close-ups of the seven semicircular motifs. Image credit: Manuel Vaquero / Marcos Garcia-Diez.

對七個扇形雕刻圖案的近照。

照片來源:Manuel Vaquero / Marcos Garcia-Diez

 

This recently found map was discovered at the site of Moli del Salt in Spain and is believed to date back to the Upper Paleolithic, some 13,800 years ago. According to reports, it depicts a hunter-gatherer campsite.

The map was carved on a slab roughly 18 centimeters wide, 8.5 centimeters high and around 3.6 centimeters thick. Dr. Manuel Vaquero of the Rovira and Virgili University and Dr. Marcos García-Diez of the University of the Basque Country said that: It displays seven semicircular motifs.”

The Moli del Salt slab is now housed in the Institute of Human Paleoecology and Social Evolution in Tarragona, Spain.

 

最近發現的地圖是在西班牙的摩力德爾索特Moli del Salt)發現的,被認為可追溯到舊石器時代晚期(Upper Paleolithic),也就是13800 年前。根據報告,它描述的是一個狩獵採集(hunter-gatherer)營地。

 

 

這份地圖被刻在一個大約18 公分寬、8.5 公分高、3.6 公分厚的石板上。洛維拉·依維爾基里大學(Rovira and Virgili University )的Manuel Vaquero教授和西班牙巴斯克大学(University of the Basque Country)的Marcos García-Diez教授表示:「它展示了七個扇形圖案。」

 

目前摩力德爾索特地圖(Moli del Salt Map)被安置在西班牙塔拉戈納(Tarragona)的加泰羅尼亞人類古生態學與社會進化研究所(Institute of Human Paleoecology and Social Evolution)。

 

來源:ancientcode