[fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”no” equal_height_columns=”no” menu_anchor=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=”” background_color=”” background_image=”” background_position=”center center” background_repeat=”no-repeat” fade=”no” background_parallax=”none” parallax_speed=”0.3″ video_mp4=”” video_webm=”” video_ogv=”” video_url=”” video_aspect_ratio=”16:9″ video_loop=”yes” video_mute=”yes” overlay_color=”” video_preview_image=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” padding_top=”” padding_bottom=”” padding_left=”” padding_right=””][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ type=”1_1″ background_position=”left top” background_color=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” border_position=”all” spacing=”yes” background_image=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” padding_top=”” padding_right=”” padding_bottom=”” padding_left=”” margin_top=”0px” margin_bottom=”0px” class=”” id=”” animation_type=”” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_direction=”left” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” center_content=”no” last=”true” min_height=”” hover_type=”none” link=”” first=”true”][fusion_text]

Becoming Martian: This Is Our Future on the Red Planet

成為火星人:這是我們在火星的未來

IN BRIEF

   •     Several government and private groups have the Red Planet in their sights, with numerous missions planned to explore and eventually put people on Mars in the coming decades.

   •     With concerns about the future habitability of Earth in the face of climate change looming, the survival of our species could hinge upon these missions.

 

 

摘要

 

許多政府以及私人團體將紅色星球(Red Planet)納入他們的視野,眾多的任務計畫去探勘火星,並且最在接下來數十年內人類移民到火星。

 

由於地球生存環境面臨迫在眉睫的氣候變化問題,我們人類的存續要寄望於這些任務。

 

As far as we know right now, plans to go to Mars will proceed as

expected under president-elect Donald Trump’s administration. That’s a good thing, especially considering that the missions lined up in the next few years are on aggressive timelines.

NASA isn’t the only organization aiming for Mars — several other government and private groups have the Red Planet in their sights. Here’s a survey of what’s in the works.

 

目前為止,我們得知這些火星計劃會在總統當選人川普的行政下繼續進行。這是個好消息,因為接下來數年的任務在時間上排得很緊湊。NASA 不是唯一瞄準火星的機構,許多其他的政府還有私人機構已將紅色星球納入他們的視野。

這是一份關於此類任務的工作內容調查。

 

NASA’S PROGRAMS

NASA 的計畫

 

With the U.S. Congress giving NASA the funds it needs to send manned missions to Mars, the space agency is serious about making it to our nearest neighbor. They are taking a multi-step approach, first focusing on improving human spaceflight capabilities through tests of technologies like the Space Launch System(SLS) megarocket out near the Moon.

Before it sends people to Mars, NASA has several more unmanned missions in the works. Mars 2020 Rover“will carry seven carefully selected instruments to conduct unprecedented science and exploration technology investigations on the Red Planet,” according to NASA.

Other plans in the pipeline include a sample return missionby the second decade of the 21st century, though no concrete plans have been revealed for that just yet.

 

美國國會資助NASA 的載人火星任務,這個太空機構對於前往離地球最近的鄰居火星,稟持認真嚴肅的態度。他們採取多步驟進度的模式,第一個要務是,專注在提昇人類在宇宙旅行的能力,藉由一些科技的測試,例如太空發射系統Space Launch SystemSLS)超級火箭(megarocket)在月球附近的測試。

 

在將它發射到火星前,NASA 有許多無人任務要進行。

 

NASA:「火星2020 流浪者號(Mars 2020 Rover)將配有七個精心挑選的儀器,進行史無前例的,在火星上的科學探勘科技調查。」

 

其他火星任務包括樣本取回任務(sample return mission),計畫在二十一世紀的第二個十年進行,雖然目前還沒有具體的計劃。

Credits: NASA

圖片來源:NASA

 

ESA’S EXOMARS: TAKE TWO

歐洲太空總署(ESA)的火星探測計畫:再試一次

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oOcrznm629Q

 

After a botched landing of its ExoMars lander earlier this year, the European Space Agency (ESA) is scheduled to have a second go at it by 2020. It will also include a Proton launcher provided by Russian space agency Roscosmos.

 

在2016 年早些時候,歐洲太空總署(ESA)的火星探測計畫(ExoMars,Exobiology on Mars),以著陸失敗告終,歐洲太空總署(European Space Agency ESA已計劃在2020 年嘗試第二次。俄羅斯聯邦航天局(Russian space agency Roscosmos)也將參與,提供質子運載火箭(Proton launcher)。

 

ExoMars first year in orbit

 

火星探測計畫在軌道上的第一年

message”>

 

A COLONY COURTESY OF SPACEX

太空探索科技公司的殖民地

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0qo78R_yYFA

Ever since SpaceX was founded in 2002, CEO Elon Musk has aimed to make humankind an interplanetary species. In order to carry out its plans to establish a human colony on Marsin the next 50 to 100 years, SpaceX is building the Interplanetary Transport System (ITS), which is designed to ferry 100 settlers to and from the Red Planet.

 

太空探索科技公司SpaceX)在2002 年成立,執行長Elon Musk( 特士拉汽車創始人) 想要讓人類成為「星際人種」。為了在接下來的50 年到100 年內達成在火星上建立人類殖民地的目標,太空探索科技公司正在建立星際運輸系統(Interplanetary Transport System ,ITS)),這個系統可以來回運輸100 個火星定居者。

 

 

SpaceX Interplanetary Transport System

太空探索科技公司星際運輸系統

 

MARS ONE ON HOLD?

火星一號有問題?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2FXp8cr4fe8

 

SpaceX isn’t the only company looking to establish a colony on Mars — Netherlands-based non-profit Mars Onewants to be the first to establish a permanent human settlement on the Red Planet.

Recently, the program had some trouble, suspending work on a couple of its robotic missions.

 

太空探索科技公司SpaceX)並不是唯一一個想在火星建立殖民地的公司,荷蘭的非營利私人公司所主導的火星探索移民計畫火星一號Mars One想要成為第一個建立永久人類火星殖民地的先驅。最近,這個計畫出現問題,它的數個機器人任務被暫停。

 

Mars One’s human mission to Mars – Destination Mars Trailer

火星一號的火星人類任務:「目的地火星」預告片

 

BOEING ENTERS THE COMPETITION

波音公司參與競爭

 

The most recent company to express interest in joining the race to Mars is Boeing. The veteran rocket developer wants to beat newbie SpaceX to Mars, and both are currently working with NASA on program to ferry astronauts to the International Space Station. Though a detailed plan outlining Boeing’s missions to Mars hasn’t been released yet, according to Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg, I’m convinced the first person to step foot on Mars will arrive there riding a Boeing rocket.”

 

最近表現有興趣參與火星競爭的是波音公司The Boeing Company)。火箭的發明老手希望能在火星競爭上打敗新手太空探索科技公司SpaceX),這兩家公司目前都在在一個運輸太空人到國際太空站( International Space Station)的計畫上和NASA 合作。雖然波音公司的火星計劃細節還沒有被公佈,波音公司執行長 Dennis Muilenburg表示:「我相信第一個到達火星的人會是乘坐波音公司的火箭到達的。」

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mh4URPtpEYY

 

 

來源:futurism

[/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container]