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Mummified Head of Newborn Baby with Extremely Elongated Skull Found in Peru

一個長型的新生兒頭骨木乃伊在秘魯被發現

The mummified elongated head of a newborn baby belonging to the ancient Paracas culture has been found in Peru. The finding is suggestive of a genetically elongated skull, since the process of artificial cranial deformation takes at least 6 months to produce the desired effect. Since more than 300 elongated skulls have been found over the years in Paracas, it is possible there was a race of people living there that were born with this curious feature.

 

一個長型的新生兒頭部木乃伊被發現,它在秘魯被發現,屬於古文化帕拉加斯(Paracas。由於一個顱骨變形的工藝品要花上六個月來製造才能達到這樣的效果,所以這個被發現的頭骨被認為是因為基因而呈現長型。也因為超過三百個長型頭骨在數年間在帕拉加斯(Paracas被發現,所以很有可能在那個區域過去有一個種族生來就是這個奇特的外型。

 

The finding was announced by Brien Foerster of Hidden Inca Tours, who reports that the baby died approximately 2,000 to 2,800 years ago, and was between 0 and 3 months old.  The hair of the baby has been preserved and, like many of the Paracas skulls that have been recovered, is auburn in color, which is inconsistent with the typical black color of the indigenous people. The vertebral column of the baby is further to the back of the skull than normal, which Foerster says could well indicate an evolutionary adaptation to compensate for the elongated skull”.

 

這個發現由時間線Hidden Inca ToursBrien Foerster發布他說這個嬰兒是在2000 2800 年前去世的只有零歲到三個月大。他的頭髮被保存並且像許多被發現的帕拉加斯Paracas頭骨一樣是紅褐色的與原住民的典型黑髮不同。這個嬰兒的脊椎也比正常的長,Foerster對此表示:「從這裡可以看到由於長型頭骨而有的進化上的適應。」

 

 

The Paracas Skulls

帕拉加斯頭骨

 

Paracas is a desert peninsula located within Pisco Province on the south coast of Peru.  It is here where Peruvian archaeologist, Julio Tello, made an amazing discovery in 1928 – a massive and elaborate graveyard containing tombs filled with the remains of individuals with the largest elongated skulls found anywhere in the world. These have come to be known as the ‘ Paracas skulls ’. In total, Tello found more than 300 of these elongated skulls, some of which date back around 3,000 years.

 

1928年時,秘魯考古學家Julio Tello有了一個驚人的發現。他在帕拉加斯,一個位在祕魯南岸皮斯科省的沙漠半島,發現了一個巨大又精細的墓地,這個墓地充滿了遺體,有著世界上最大的長型頭骨,以「帕拉加斯頭骨」之名聞明。Julio Tello總共發現超過三百個這種長型頭骨,有些的年代可以追溯到3000 年前左右。

 

Elongated skulls on display at Museo Regional de Ica in the city of Ica in Peru ( public domain )

祕魯伊卡Ica 市的伊卡地區博物館Museo Regional de Ica中展示著長型頭骨。圖片來源public domain 

 

The elongated skulls of Paracas in Peru caused a stir in 2014 when a geneticist that carried out preliminary DNA testing reported that they have mitochondrial DNA with mutations unknown in any human, primate, or animal known so far”. A second round of DNA testing reported by L.A. Marzulliand completed in 2016, was just as controversial – the skulls tested were shown to have European and Middle Eastern Origin. These surprising results change the known history about how the Americas were populated.

 

這長型的祕魯帕拉加斯頭骨在2014 年時掀起風雲,一位基因遺傳學家拿出了針對這些頭骨的初步基因測試報告,內容說他們擁有某種粒線體DNA,有「基因突變,這種突變未曾在任任何人類、靈長類或目前所知的動物身上被發現過」。第二輪的基因測試報告是由L.A Marzulli2016 年時完成的,內容也一樣具爭論性,這些頭骨的測試報告指出他們有來自歐洲和中東的起源。這個驚人的結果改變了對歷史的認知,改變了對美洲人起源的認知。

 

Strange Features of the Paracas Skulls

帕拉加斯頭骨的奇怪特徵

 

It is well-known that most cases of skull elongation are the result of cranial deformation, head flattening, or head binding, in which the skull is intentionally deformed by applying force over a long period of time.

 

眾所皆知大多數長型頭骨的例子都是因為顱骨變形,或是對頭顱的擠壓造成扁平,或是對頭的綑綁,也就是頭顱被刻意長期施予外力而造成變形。

 

 

An artist’s impression based on a Paracas skull. Photo credit: Marcia Moore Ciamar Studio

一位藝術家基於帕拉加斯頭骨創造出的印象作品。圖片來源:Marcia Moore Ciamar Studio

 

An elongated skull from Paracas, with its characteristic auburn hair. Credit: Brien Foerster

一個帕拉加斯頭骨一個的長型頭骨帶有它的特徵紅褐色頭髮。圖片來源Brien Foerster

 

Elongated Skull in Newborns Rules Out Artificial Cranial Deformation

 

初生嬰兒的長型頭骨排除了頭顱變形手工藝品的可能性

 

Artificial cranial deformation is usually carried out on an infant, when the skull is at its most pliable.

 

嬰兒的頭骨常被認為是頭顱變形手工藝品,因為嬰兒的頭骨還很圓滑。

 

The mummified elongated head of a newborn from Peru. Arrows point to the eye sockets and the mouth. Credit: Brien Foerster / Hidden Inca Tours.

 

秘魯的初生嬰兒長型頭骨木乃伊。箭頭處指的是眼眶和嘴巴。圖片來源Brien Foerster / Hidden Inca Tours

Researcher Igor Gontcharov reports on the discovery of other babies, and even fetuses, that have been found with elongated skulls.   In 1851, Rivero and Tschudi wrote in Peruvian Antiquities: We ourselves have observed the same fact [of the absence of signs of artificial pressure – IG] in many mummies of children of tender age, who, although they had cloths about them, were yet without any vestige or appearance of pressure of the cranium. More still: the same formation of the head presents itself in children yet unborn; and of this truth we have had convincing proof in the sight of a foetus, enclosed in the womb of a mummy of a pregnant woman, which we found in a cave of Huichay, two leagues from Tarma, and which is, at this moment, in our collection.”

Rivero and Tschudi also refer to two elongated infant skulls that were discovered in Peru and taken to England in 1838, where they were presented to the Museum of the Devon and Cornwall Natural History Society.

Brien Foerster says that DNA testing of the baby’s remains is presently under consideration.

Top image: The mummified elongated head of a newborn from Peru. Credit: Brien Foerster / Hidden Inca Tours.

 

研究人員Igor Gontcharov  報告了其他嬰兒甚至胎兒的長型頭骨相關發現。在1851 年,探險M.A.里貝諾M. A. Ribero)和J.J.楚迪(J. J. von Tschudi 《秘鲁古物》(Peruvian Antiquities一書中寫著:「我們自己在許多幼小兒童的木乃伊上發現了一樣的事實(沒有人工外力施壓的跡象),雖然他們身上有衣物,但他們的顱骨依然沒有受到壓力的痕跡或是現象。甚至,在尚未出生的孩子身上也有一樣的頭部構造,我們在胡利亞卡(Huichay )發現了一個懷孕的木乃伊,胡利亞卡距離塔爾馬(Tarma )二里格(leagues),從這位懷孕木乃伊的子宮中,我們在一個胎兒身上看見了具說服力的證據。這具懷孕木乃伊目前在我們的收藏中。

 

Rivero Tschudi 也提到了另外兩個嬰兒頭骨它們是在秘魯被發現1838 年被帶去英國的德文郡康沃爾郡自然歷史社會博物館Museum of the Devon and Cornwall Natural History Society展覽。

 

Brien Foerster說,針對那個嬰兒的DNA 測試結果目前正在接受審議。

 

頂部圖片:秘魯初生嬰兒的長型頭骨木乃伊。圖片來源:Brien Foerster / Hidden Inca Tours

 

 

來源:ancientorigins

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