[fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”no” equal_height_columns=”no” menu_anchor=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=”” background_color=”” background_image=”” background_position=”center center” background_repeat=”no-repeat” fade=”no” background_parallax=”none” parallax_speed=”0.3″ video_mp4=”” video_webm=”” video_ogv=”” video_url=”” video_aspect_ratio=”16:9″ video_loop=”yes” video_mute=”yes” overlay_color=”” video_preview_image=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” padding_top=”” padding_bottom=”” padding_left=”” padding_right=””][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ type=”1_1″ background_position=”left top” background_color=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” border_position=”all” spacing=”yes” background_image=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” padding_top=”” padding_right=”” padding_bottom=”” padding_left=”” margin_top=”0px” margin_bottom=”0px” class=”” id=”” animation_type=”” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_direction=”left” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” center_content=”no” last=”true” min_height=”” hover_type=”none” link=”” first=”true”][fusion_text]Scientists find MASSIVE underground tunnels on the Moon
日本科學家:月球上有巨大的「地下通道 」

Recently, experts found gravity anomaly distributions suggesting the existence of subsurface empty spaces on the Moon based on GRAIL data.

根據 NASA 月球探測器聖杯號( GRAIL )的回傳資料,專家最近發現月球上有重力異常分布的現象,這代表月球表面下存在空心空間。

The Marius Hills pit, spotted in 2009 by scientists at the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). The pit stretches 65 meters across and could be a skylight leading down to a lava tube, the scientists say. Credit: NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University
馬利厄斯丘陵( The Marius Hills )坑,在 2009 年由日本宇宙航空研究開發機構( Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency ,JAXA )的科學家發現。科學家表示,這個坑橫越六十五公尺,可能是熔岩管的開口。
圖片來源: NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University( 亞利桑那州立大學 )

A group of Japanese scientists claims to have found massive underground tunnels on the moon. These tunnels could be used in the near future as perfect hiding places for human astronauts, according to researchers at the 48th Lunar and Planetary Science conference.
According to the study—published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters—Japanese specialists managed to find the giant formations thanks to the Kaguya space probe.
Using high-precision devices, experts have found gaps hidden away kilometers below the surface of the moon.

一組日本科學家團隊表示,他們發現月球上有巨大的地下通道。第四十八屆月球和行星科學會議( Lunar and Planetary Science conference )指出:「 這些通道可以在未來作為太空人的完美藏身據點。」

一份研究報告被刊登在地球物理研究通訊( Geophysical Research Letters )期刊上,它指出,日本專家的發現要歸功於輝夜姬太空探測器( Kaguya space probe )。藉由這個精確的裝置,專家們得以發現隱藏在月表下數公里的巨大通道。

These Kaguya images show the Marius Hills pit in the context of a meandering system of volcanic rilles. Because the pit is in the middle of a rille, it likely represents a collapse in the roof of a lava tube. Credit: JAXA/SELENE
輝夜姬號回傳的圖片顯示,馬利厄斯丘陵坑位在熔岩管蜿蜒的系統脈絡中。由於此坑位在熔岩管的中央,所以熔岩管的頂部可能有坍方跡象。圖片來源: JAXA/SELENE

Experts uncovered a deep pit, tens of meters in diameter located in the so-called Marius Hills, in 2009. In 2016, a NASA mission found gravitational anomalies that possibly indicated gaps.

2009 年時,專家們打開了一個深坑,這個坑的直徑有數十公尺,位在馬利厄斯丘陵。2016 年時,在一項 NASA 任務中發現月球重力分布的異常,這個現象表示,地下通道有存在的可能性。

As noted in the study, “In 2009, three huge pits were discovered on the Moon in image data acquired by the SELENE Terrain Camera. Their diameters and depths are several tens of meters or more. They are possible skylight holes opening on large subsurface caverns such as lava tubes, by analogy with similar pits found on Mars. This possibility was enhanced significantly by LRO oblique observations; large openings were observed horizontally at the floors of the pits. Lava tubes are normally elongated in the horizontal direction. In contrast, magma chambers may not have large horizontal extensions but instead, may have drops like a sink around their inner walls”

如同研究報告中所註明的:「 2009 年,地形繪圖攝影機( SELENE Terrain Camera )回傳的圖片顯示,月球上有三個大坑。它們的直徑和深度有數十公尺或是更多。它們可能是月球熔岩管在月表的開口,在火星上也有類似的坑洞。月球軌道探測器( LRO )的觀察更大大增強這個可能性,水平觀察這些坑洞底部時,可以發現有數個巨大的開口。月球熔岩管通常是在水平方向延伸。與此相反,岩漿庫( magma chambers )並不會有水平方向的延伸,而是會在垂直方向呈滴落狀,就像在牆中的水槽。」

Scientists, led by Junichi Haruyama, concluded that these were not cavities/pits but tunnels that penetrate the lunar rock to a depth of several kilometers.
If humans, via rover or their own two feet, ever got access to the tubes, “the science would be amazing,” commented Brent Garry, a geophysicist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. The tube’s interior tempts with pristine surfaces, absent of lunar soil or bombardment by micrometeorites, he said. Furthermore, these surfaces could offer answers to questions about the Moon’s origin and formation.

由 Junichi Haruyama 教授所領導的科學家們作出結論,這些坑洞並不是洞穴或是凹坑,而是通道。這些通道貫穿月球的岩石,延伸到數公里深的地方。

如果人類透過探索機器或是親自去探索這些通道,「 科學界將被驚豔 」Brent Garry 如此評論。 Brent Garry 是一位 NASA 戈達德太空飛行中心的地球物理學家,他說:「 此通道內部的原始表面帶來誘惑,它沒有月球土壤或是微隕石的撞擊痕跡。」另外,這些原始表面可以解答一些關於月球起源和形成的問題。

However, the existence of tunnels on the Moon is not something new, said Vladislav Shevchenko, Head of Department of Lunar and Planetary Research, Sternberg State Astronomical Institute, Moscow University.
As Russian website BFM.ru writes, “These formations were discovered several years ago. This news did not take Russian scientists by surprise writes BFM.ru, since they claim “they have read about this discovery” back in Societ-era newspapers.”

來自莫斯科大學斯登堡州立天文台,月球與行星研究部門的領導人 Vladislav Shevchenk 說:「 但是,這些月球通道的存在其實不是新聞。」

俄國網站 BFM.ru writes 寫道:「 這些結構早在幾年前就已經被發現。這則新聞並沒有讓俄國科學家感到驚訝,因為他們已經在蘇聯時代的報紙上讀過關於這個發現的報導。」

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來源: ancientcode

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